The first research using electrolysis for the permanent removal of hair began in 1869 in St. Louis, Missouri.  It was conducted by an ophthalmologist, Dr. Charles Michel, who wanted a safe, effective way to remove ingrown eyelashes which frequently lid to blindness.  He published his first scientific paper in 1875.  The method was soon accepted by the medical community and then adapted for treatment of excess hair on other parts of the body.  From that day until the present, the same basic technique has been used, only greatly improved and modernized.